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Courses

Undergraduate Courses

3 Credit(s)

A survey course, focusing on public policy institutions and analytical issues as well as on overview of key public policy problems. Students will be introduced to public policy as a discipline, with a brief overview of the actors and institutions involved in the process, and familiarize themselves with the kinds of problems typically requiring public action. The course will examine these problems from a multijurisdictional and multisectoral perspective. Specific policy areas examined include education policy, health policy, economic and budgetary policy, criminal justice policy, environmental policy, and national and homeland security policy. The course should permit students to have broad foundational exposure to the field that will give them a solid base for more advanced courses.
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3 Credit(s)

Introduction to the intellectual foundations of public policy, from ancient theories on collective public action through the more contemporary development of public policy as a discipline. This may start as early as the ancient Greek philosophers and their views on public action through contemporary classics of public policy. Emphasis will be on the interdisciplinary foundations of public policy, through examining core disciplinary contributions from economics, political science, management, philosophy, and other relevant disciplines. At the conclusion of the course, students will have read classic works in the field and will master the key themes that have dominated the intellectual debates about public policy over its history.
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3 Credit(s)

This course aims to inspire, teach and engage students in the theory and practice of public leadership from the local to the national to the global level. Students will learn and apply diverse approaches to leadership in a multicultural society while developing an understanding of key frameworks and practices necessary to foster collective action across private, public, and nonprofit sectors. Students will also explore and assess their own personal values, beliefs, and purpose as they develop their leadership potential. Finally, students will understand the leadership skills and challenges particular to their role as a future policymaker.
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3 Credit(s)

This course will broaden students’ understanding of the moral dimensions of public policy as well as their own individual moral perspective. Discussions will include the ideal of a just society, and the place of liberty and equality in it, while focusing on contemporary theories of ethics and justice.  It will develop students’ appreciation of the ethical challenges unique to the public service sector while building their skills in ethical analysis and decision-making. We will explore the increasing ethical challenges in a world in which technology, global risks, and societal developments are accelerating faster than our understanding can keep pace. A framework for ethical decision making underpins the course.
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3 Credit(s)

Through discussions of contemporary trends, challenges and issues, this course provides an introduction to the nonprofit and NGO sectors, social innovation, and the leadership and management skills required to achieve social impact. The course will explore the history, theories, and roles of philanthropy, the nonprofit sector, and social innovation in societies and cultures. Students will be able to demonstrate an understanding of the process and principles of social entrepreneurship and social innovation. Additionally, the course will introduce students to topics in leadership, social innovation, resource development, community mobilization through networks, the role of policy-making in creating change, project management, and overall strategies for achieving social impact. The course will include mini hands-on learning experiences that allow them to apply key learning outcomes.
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3 Credit(s)

A team-based, highly interactive and dynamic course that provides an opportunity for students to generate solutions to a wide range of problems facing many communities today. Students in the iGIVE Program will deepen their understanding of entrepreneurship and innovation practices by creating and implementing projects or ventures that address an issue of their choosing while learning topics such as communications, project management, teamwork, leadership, fundraising, project sustainability and next steps in social change. Restricted to students in the iGive program.
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Faculty: Patricia Bory
3 Credit(s)

Examination of societal responses to public problems, including actions by government, non-profit and private sector actors, as well as civil society. Students will examine the roles of these various actors, as well as the nature of civic responsibility. The course will examine the various stages of the policy process, asking the following questions: How does something get defined as a problem that requires a public policy response? How do we think about what the options are for this response, and how do we choose among them? What are the factors that contribute to successful policy implementation? How do we evaluate the success of public policies? These questions will be addressed using examples of current public policy problems, and students will be expected to engage in individual and collaborative work to design responses to those problems. Restricted to students in a major in PLCY.
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Prerequisite(s): PLCY100
Faculty: Alana Hackshaw
3 Credit(s)

Designed for students whose academic majors would be enhanced by the complementary study of a widely shared but hard-to-operationalize aspiration: that present choices should preserve or improve future options rather than foreclose or degrade them. How should we understand sustainability? How might we achieve it? How would we know if we had achieved it? And how could sustainability activists of a rising generation lead by example?
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Faculty: Nathan Hultman
3 Credit(s)

Understanding pluralism and how groups and individuals coexist in society is an essential part of the public policy process. This course will examine the ways in which the diverse experiences of race, gender, ethnicity, class, orientation, identity, and religion impact the understanding of and equitable delivery of public policy. The examination of how identity development shapes our understanding of society and influences the decision-making process is central to students’ shaping policy that is truly for the people. This course will equip students with the skills needed to analyze pluralism and draw conclusions about the application of various theories to public policy issues. Restricted to students in the Rawlings Undergraduate Leadership Fellows Program.
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3 Credit(s)

Applied course in public finance, including introductions to resource mobilization (including taxation), macroeconomic policy, key public expenditure policies, and government budgetary processes and politics. The course will build on the foundations from ECON 200 to address the specific application of public finance principles to solving public problems. The course will focus on the principles of welfare economics (including market failure), economic principles as applied to particular spending programs and tax choices, and issues and institutions involved in the allocation and management of resources both at a national and subnational level. The focus of the course is on these issues from both a domestic and global perspective. At the conclusion of the course, students should be able to apply the tools of economics to inform societal and governmental choices, and understand how those choices are made in practice. 
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Prerequisite(s): ECON200

4 Credit(s)

Course designed to create intelligent consumers of policy research and enable students to understand the research done by others with a sufficiently skeptical eye to allow them to determine whether the findings of the research are valid given the assumptions made and methods used. This will involve, in part, thinking about the various problems in research design or conduct that could lead to faulty conclusions. It will also involve being able to differentiate between credible sources of information and those that are not objective. At the conclusion of the course, students should be able to differentiate objective evidence from political argumentation. Restricted to students in a major in PLCY. 
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Prerequisite(s): STAT100

Faculty: Michael Busse
3 Credit(s)

Utilizes our unique location in the Washington, DC region to create a laboratory within which to analyze local, regional, national and international policy problems. Students will be put into teams and assigned to real and timely policy cases. The course will include meetings and field trips with local leaders in the field, ideally connected to the cases. Student will then expand and apply their use of policy analysis and evaluation skills to define those problems, analyze alternative responses, devise appropriate strategies for implementation, and evaluate the success of the proposed policy and implementation. The course will conclude with team presentations to local leaders and faculty. This distinctive course will serve to prepare students for their client- based senior capstone course. Restricted to students who have earned a minimum of 60 credits; and must be in a major in PLCY.
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3 Credit(s)

Furthers students understanding of topics in leadership, social innovation, resource development, community mobilization through networks, and the role of policy making in creating change. This course will further students understanding of the creation and leadership of nonprofits, social ventures, governance and boards; strategic planning and partnerships; advocacy and public policy processes; community outreach; working in teams, effective communications, and cross-sector approaches to scaling up social impact.
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3 Credit(s)

Examines the role of women in the leadership process including the participation of women as activists, voters, advocates, public leaders and as agents of change through various avenues including, among others, public service (elected and appointed), the media, community service, political organizations, and the nonprofit sector.
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Faculty: Anne Kaiser
3 Credit(s)

For poor and low-income families, federal programs such as Medicaid, Child care, SNAP and child nutrition programs are a lifeline every day. Some programs also have policies that consider more than income eligibility, such as number of hours of work, disability, and immigration status. Budget choices have a significant impact on policy intentions. Students will learn about and analyze the major federal programs and federal budgets for these policy areas; understand from data the impact of such programs and policies; and be introduced to significant advocacy efforts and considerations that shaped hese policy decisions.
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Faculty: Adele Robinson
3 Credit(s)

This course explores the key issues facing policy makers attempting to manage the problem of cybersecurity from its technical foundations to domestic and international policy considerations surrounding governance, privacy, risk management, and operational orchestration. It is designed for students with no background in information technology, and will provide the principles to understand the current debates shaping a rapidly evolving security landscape.
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Faculty: Charles Harry
3 Credit(s)

Introduces students to the concept of social innovation while exploring the many mechanisms for achieving social impact. It is team-based, highly interactive and dynamic, and provides an opportunity for students to generate solutions to a wide range of problems facing many communities today. Deepens the students understanding of entrepreneurship and innovation practices by guiding them through the creation and implementation process as applied to a project idea of their choice.
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3 Credit(s)

"Fake news" and freedom of the press, money in electoral politics, voter photo ID laws and political gerrymandering, continued racial segregation in public schools, privacy on the street and in school, holding public officials accountable for egregious constitutional violations, and unequal justice for the poor are all thorny issues of public policy that have found their way into American courts. This course examines these and other current issues presented to the courts in a format where students evaluate and opine on the competing legal and policy arguments in class and in papers as if they were the empowered judicial authority. The course also provides a broad overview of the ways American courts function as well as an opportunity to visit with a federal judge, hear the experiences of former jurors, and possibly visit a landlord-tenant court in action.
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Faculty: David Falk
3 Credit(s)

Today, philanthropic and nonprofit organizations play significant roles in shaping how public policy gets developed and implemented, as well as how change occurs in society. This course will define philanthropy as an exploration of how one develops a vision of the public good and then how a person or group can deploy resources to achieve a positive and lasting impact. During the semester, the class will go through the challenging and exciting process of ultimately granting approximately $7,500 to an organization that we believe can use these resources to achieve an impact on an issue of international significance. Our class grant deliberations and decisions will ultimately lead us to confront, question, and sharpen our philanthropic values, decisions and leadership skills.
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Faculty: Angela Bies
3 Credit(s)

Advocates for children and families have accomplished a great deal over the years. They’ve reduced hunger and extended access to health care. They’ve expanded early childhood education and broadened economic supports. But so much more remains to be done to ensure social justice and equity so that all children and families can thrive. The second semester of Child and Family Advocacy Impact will concentrate on developing advocacy skills, everything from leveraging the legislative process and creating effective messaging strategies to working in coalitions and mobilizing grassroots supporters. 
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Faculty: Adele Robinson
3 Credit(s)

Students will focus on studying the major eras of US immigration policy and will dive into understanding the various actors, reforms, policy tools and enforcement methods that have been implemented. The course consists of two modules. Module 1 dives into readings about immigration, immigrant policies, policy actors, and enforcement tools. Module 2 integrates social science methods for collecting and evaluating quantitative data to study the local implementation of immigration enforcement operations by learning the nuts and bolts of data collection, documentation, management and analysis.
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3 Credit(s)

This course will familiarize students new to international security policy with major concepts, debates, and challenges in the field. Some of today's most important problems, including potential conflicts between great powers, violence by governments against their own people and by terrorist organizations, and the disruptive effects of powerful new technology have existed in various forms for centuries.
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Faculty: Charles Harry
3 Credit(s)

A host of emerging technologies, ranging from 3D printing, gene editing tools, self-tracking technologies, smart cars, drones, robotics, and synthetic biology, have the potential for enormous societal benefit but also raise public and government concern. What are the various social and ethical implications in how these technologies are designed, developed and used? How do we think about policy options to deal with social and ethical concerns around these technologies? This course will study contemporary science and technology policy controversies as reflected in the news; the course material will be designed to respond flexibly to unforeseen policy issues that may arise during the course of the semester. Special guest speakers involving faculty from across the university, as well as experts from the Washington, DC area, will be invited to contextualize and deepen students' understanding of these controversies. Students will be exposed to different points of view on these issues.
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3 Credit(s)

Today's most pressing problems do not stop at national borders. Meeting these challenges requires a range of state and non-state actors to work together. Students gain familiarity with key actors in the global system and how they approach today's most intractable problems. How do countries, international organizations, multinational corporations, and nongovernmental organizations find ways to cooperate when their interests and capabilities sometimes differ drastically? And, what are the key barriers to cooperation? We will examine a set of global policy issues requiring a transnational response including violent conflict, nuclear non-proliferation, human rights, migration, international trade, climate change, infectious disease, and humanitarian relief.
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3 Credit(s)

Public policy students will take the skills and knowledge gained through their curriculum and apply them through their senior capstone course. Students will work in teams on problems and issues presented by outside clients, with guidance from faculty facilitators and interaction with the clients. Each team will work with the client to address a particular problem and produce a mutually agreed upon outcome. These hands on projects will advance students' understanding of the analytical, leadership, communication and problem solving skills necessary to address today's policy problems while allowing them to gain professional level experience that could contribute to their success in their post UMD endeavors. The course will conclude with an event that allows all teams to present their findings and outcomes to their client while being evaluated by faculty and public policy professionals. Restricted to students who have earned a minimum of 90 credits. Permission required.
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Prerequisite(s): PLCY306
3 Credit(s)

An integrative course that allows policy students to explore the complexities of the policy-making process from the perspective of specific policy topics. They will learn about and discuss subject- based issues in a seminar format led by faculty and policy experts. Site visits to federal agencies, guest speakers, and round table sessions ensure that students receive a variety of real-world perspectives on their chosen policy area. Restricted to students who have earned a minimum of 90 credits.
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Graduate Courses

3 Credit(s)

Introduces statistical methods needed for evaluating and choosing among policy options. Topics include probability; decision-making under uncertainty; the organization, interpretation, and visual display of complex data; prediction and inferences about causality; hypothesis testing; and linear and multiple regression. Develops analytical skills and the ability to apply theory to complex, real-world problems.
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Faculty: Alec Worsnop
3 Credit(s)

Study of a series of problems and the development of quantitative techniques to describe or evaluate the problem. The organization and interpretation of complex data and its use for prediction and inference about casual effects. The definition of objectives, trade-offs among objectives, and allocation of resources to meet objectives. Sensitivity of outcomes to changing conditions.
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Faculty: Seth Weissman
3 Credit(s)

Applies intermediate microeconomic theory to public policy issues: resource allocation by firms and consumers; the response of economic agents to changes in incentives; market allocations in competitive and non-competitive environments; and market failures and government remedies. Uses extended case studies of particular issues in such areas as the environment (acid rain), international trade (tariffs), industry regulation (cable TV), and the provision of public goods (highways).
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3 Credit(s)

Covers how governments raise, spend, borrow, invest, and transfer public funds. It reviews federal, state, and local budget processes and introduces analytical techniques including basic spreadsheet skills, evaluating alternative revenue sources, revenue and expenditure forecasting, cost allocation, break-even analysis, capital budgeting, cost-benefit analysis, choice over time (discounting, net present value, future value, internal rate of return), bond pricing, investment strategy, and cash management.
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3 Credit(s)

An introduction to the complexities of cybersecurity policy at the national level. Most popular literature treats cybersecurity a technical problem. This course will refocus attention on the interplay of technical, economic, and political factors relevant to cybersecurity policies, and to public and private sector risk management solutions.
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3 Credit(s)

Covers the fundamentals of accounting and financial management for public and nonprofit organizations. Through course readings, case studies, and short assignments, students will learn how to understand and use public sector financial information to inform decision making. The first half of the course will focus on: operating budgets, cash budgets, tools for evaluating capital budgeting decisions, and an introduction to accounting principles. Topics in the second half of the course include financial reporting, financial condition analysis, and unique aspects of accounting for public and nonprofit organizations. Along the way, students will gain familiarity with spreadsheet applications and financial calculations. By the end of the course, students should be able to read and interpret financial information and perform straightforward financial analyses. 
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Prerequisite(s): PLCY688R recommended

3 Credit(s)

Equips students with the knowledge, insights, skills and abilities to successfully and responsibly lead and manage people and resources and to participate in and contribute to the public policy process. Emphasizes complex, multi-dimensional problem solving and development of necessary analytical, leadership and communication skills.
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3 Credit(s)

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights begins with “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.” But what does “human dignity” mean, and does this concept really matter in the worlds of diplomacy, foreign aid, international and domestic policy, and concerns about gender equity and social justice? How have notions of human dignity changed since Aristotle and Cicero? How does dignity link to human rights, global climate change, leadership, status, grace, and other ethical concepts? Is dignity something that you are born with, something that you can lose, or something that you have to earn? Are we cheapening the notion of human dignity – and its effectiveness in public policy – by overusing it in our rhetoric? Without some consensus on a moral and philosophical foundation for dignity, and some more precision in its meaning, is dignity quickly becoming a useless notion? Or, to the contrary, is dignity an essential baseline for public policy.
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3 Credit(s)

Provides an overview of federal acquisition as one of the basic functions of government. Specific focus will be on the scope of acquisition, including organizational structures, regulations, and issues of acquisition processes and management, from the development of an initial capability or need, through design, development, production, fielding, sustainment, and disposal. Introduces the principles and concepts that underlie successful acquisition management – from major systems development and production, through buying services and common commodities; with a special consideration of state and local levels. Restricted to PLCY majors or permission of instructor.
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3 Credit(s)

Provides students with the knowledge and skills needed to understand, describe, and critique program evaluations, and also to identify the policy implications of specific findings. Using examples from domestic policy and international development, the course covers (1) process and summative evaluation issues, including data collection, causal validity, and generalizability; (2) economic evaluations, including cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit studies; and (3) performance measurement of ongoing programs.
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3 Credit(s)

This course explores how scientific and technical information gets used (or not used) in the formation of public policy, and how public policy influences science and technology development. Students will come away from this course with a fundamental understanding of the institutional landscape of S&T policy, the instruments of S&T policy implementation, and the processes of S&T policy decision-making. The landscape encompasses government, business, academic institutions, and NGOs. The policy mechanisms include government subsidies for research and development, enforcement of intellectual property rights, encouragement of public understanding of S&T, and much more. The processes range from direct democracy and litigation to legislative and bureaucratic decision-making. Along the way, students will examine some of the most challenging S&T-linked public-policy issues of the 21st century – climate change, energy, national security, innovation, spectrum allocation, environmental monitoring, agricultural productivity, the pursuit of sustainable economic development – and will grapple with the interlinked issues of S&T education, and the level of public participation in S&T decision making.
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Faculty: Rosina Bierbaum
3 Credit(s)

Examines the role of counter intelligence (CI) in the overall intelligence process, as well as in the broader national security process. It will review the development and use of CI through the 20th century. Course will equally look at the role and meaning of CI in the information and security environments emerging in the 21st century.
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3 Credit(s)

Explores different schools of thought related to strategic philanthropy: defined as privately funded ventures designed to achieve social outcomes, spur innovation, and/or shape public policy. We examine the development of and challenges related to strategic philanthropy, its relationships to the government and business sectors as well as the successful skills and approaches of leaders and organizations engaged in strategic philanthropy. Other course topics include designing competitions from traditional request for proposals grant making to prize competitions, portfolio and risk management, grantee engagement, and grantee and program evaluation. We will also examine efforts to translate various philanthropic approaches to the public sector, governmental grant making, and traditional and emerging partnerships and collaborations between strategic philanthropy and government. 
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Prerequisite(s): PLCY798Y encouraged

Faculty: Claire Dunning
3 Credit(s)

Provides frameworks, tools, and skills to improve program results in an environment where policy challenges span organizational boundaries and third parties implement programs. Several results-oriented frameworks and case illustrations will be examined in depth, including the Government Performance and Results Act, federal, state and local Performance-Stat systems and the use of performance dashboards, executive branch performance management initiatives, and international and US initiatives to foster civic engagement through open government and web based performance reporting.
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Faculty: Chris Mihm
3 Credit(s)

Introduces students to the fundamentals of fundraising. Identifies the major types of nonprofit funding models and assesses which fundraising methods are appropriate for each model. Explores motivations for giving; ethical concerns; types of funding sources; types of fundraising mechanisms and instruments; grant writing and the rise of strategic philanthropy and the new demands it places on nonprofit leaders - both to manage their programs and to raise funds.
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3 Credit(s)

Serving as a successful leader for a nonprofit or public organization of any kind requires an understanding of the strategic management process and a well-developed and managed strategy. It is a key to an organization’s performance. This course provides an integrated approach to leadership theories and concepts, research, and modern practices related to strategic planning and execution. Leading strategy approaches are discussed and students gain a deep understanding of how strategy can be developed, implemented, and managed in these organizations. The course is relevant for students who want to work for and/or consult with nonprofit and government organizations. Restricted to PLCY majors or permission of instructor.
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3 Credit(s)

Emphasizes how understanding group and organizational life is a critical leadership competency. Using both practical and theoretical approaches, lectures, discussions, case studies, videos, surveys, readings and experiential activities, it examines the dynamics associated with the exercise of leadership and authority in organizational settings.
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Faculty: Meg Brindle
3 Credit(s)

Examines how governments and policymakers define poverty and the extent and demographics of contemporary poverty in the United States, other developed countries, and developing countries. Looks in detail at the official U.S. poverty measure and the Supplemental Poverty Measure developed by the Obama administration, as well as those developed by the World Bank and other international organizations. Explores the causes of poverty in the developed and developing world, and efforts to alleviate poverty over the last fifty years, focusing in the U.S. on income transfers, civil rights and equal opportunity, and efforts to increase human and social capital (with a special focus on children, the elderly, and minorities), and focusing in the developing world on infrastructure development, governance, and corruption. Restricted to PLCY majors or permission of instructor.
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3 Credit(s)

Focuses on the theoretical and normative underpinnings of contemporary political philosophy, particularly theories of the legitimacy and proper function of nation states and global institutions. What role should ethics play in public policy formation and implementation? We will give special attention to ideals and institutions of national and global justice and how they are and should be related to ideals and institutions of democracy. What are the merits and demerits of democratic institutions in comparison with authoritarian ones? Do prosperous, liberal democratic states have reason to promote economic and political development in other countries and, if so, what are the best ways to do so? Key readings: Hobbes, Ober, Rawls, the Capability Approach (Robeyns), D. Bell, and Deveaux.
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Faculty: Thomas C. Hilde
3 Credit(s)

Over the last two decades the field of development economics has been revolutionized by the spread of experimental evaluations as well as the increased use of non-experimental evaluations to study policies and programs that work in promoting economic development. In this course we study the lessons for development that have arisen from these pilot studies concentrating on studies in the areas of education, health, labor markets, crime, governance, micro credit and productive projects. We begin with an introduction to the tools necessary to understand evaluation methodology.
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Faculty: Susan W. Parker
3 Credit(s)

The federal government implements virtually all of its programs in health, education, social services, labor, housing and welfare via states, local governments and not-for-profit organizations. This cross sector governance is the focus of the course and provides both theoretical understanding and practical grounding of it. This course focuses on the roles and relationships of institutions in each of these sectors in pursuing public purposes such as emergency management, economic development, environmental protection, transportation, education, and human investment. Restricted to PLCY majors or permission of instructor. 
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Prerequisite(s): PLCY711 or PLCY688G

3 Credit(s)

Understanding how groups and individuals develop and coexist in society is an essential part of public policy. Using the classroom as a laboratory, students will explore identity development and how the intersections of race, class, gender, sexual orientation, and other identities shape perceptions that inform decision-making and policy development. From historical scholars to current day movement leaders, this course equips students with tools necessary to critically analyze pluralism, power, and identity; and the skills needed to shape meaningful and equitable public policy and working and civic environments for all.
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3 Credit(s)

Reviews the analytical literature on civil violence, episodes of intervention, and challenges associated with post-conflict reconstruction. Explores the logic that justifies intervention in some cases, and the requirements for effective stabilization and reconstruction.
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Faculty: Alec Worsnop
3 Credit(s)

Provides an overview of the policy development process in the context of a number of key areas: defense policy, social policy, America’s role in the world, and environmental policy. Focuses on how managers must lead within a larger policy context and how knowledge of broader agency issues impacts management.
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3 Credit(s)

A course in critical thinking and analytic methodologies. The ability to think critically, analyze effectively, and solve difficult problems are crucial skills in the intelligence arena. Additionally, rapid changes in technology, information sourcing, and information availability, coupled with fundamental changes in the Intelligence Community and its customers’ expectations have had a significant impact on the intelligence process and the way in which analysis is conducted and disseminated.
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3 Credit(s)

Addresses many of the contemporary questions and debates surrounding globalization, with particular focus on economic development, trade and international business. Emphasizes the new challenges faced by government policymakers, the private sector, and NGOs, in the context of a globalized world.
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3 Credit(s)

This course provides an interdisciplinary introduction to the science, technology, economics, and politics of energy use in human societies. After an introduction to the scientific principles of transforming energy sources into usable services, we investigate specific technologies and discuss their impact on geopolitics and the environment. In doing so we seek to address these questions, among others: What is the role of energy in national security? What is the future of oil and how do new resources and new demand centers affect energy security? What are the implications of new, long-term supplies of unconventional gas from fracking? What role can nuclear power serve for the next century? Do wind and solar power have the potential to supplant other energy sources? What will climate change policy mean for our energy mix? How might developing countries undertake a low-carbon energy transition? What is the proper balance of regulation and free market operation in energy and electricity markets? What new technologies are on the horizon, and how promising are they? Given extensive current activity on this topic, the course will retain flexibility to take advantage of relevant DC-area academic, government, or agency events, hearings, and/or conferences.
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Faculty: Irving Mintzer
3 Credit(s)

Interplay between government and private interests in shaping official actions that affect international trade. Policy tools available to influence balance, magnitude, and composition of imports and exports. Evolution of executive, congressional and quasi-judicial government institutions under increased U.S. international trade exposure and trade deficit. Restricted to students in a major in PLCY.
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Prerequisite(s): PLCY620, PLCY640 and PLCY641

Faculty: Susan C. Schwab
3 Credit(s)

Equips students with knowledge of management and leadership concepts essential to performing successfully and responsibly in public organizations. We will begin with discussion on the nature of public administration and move an examination of organizational structure issues, public sector innovation strategies and decision-making mechanisms. We will also examine the “people” side of government organizations as well as management and leadership roles within organizations. Many case studies are examined in depth to provide real life context for the course content.
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3 Credit(s)

Reviews the principal features of international security as currently practiced. Traces the evolution of contemporary policy beginning with the initiation of nuclear weapons programs during World War II. Particular emphasis is given to experience of the United States and Russia, since the historical interaction between these two countries has disproportionately affected the international security conditions that all other countries now experience. Restricted to students in a major in PLCY.
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3 Credit(s)

Examines the changing international security environment and the challenges it poses for US policymakers, the Intelligence Community and military commanders. The course is designed to encourage critical and creative thinking on problems of global security and the role of intelligence in addressing them. The course has three segments: 1) the theoretical and historical context of current global security issues; 2) specific global security problems; and 3) student presentations on policy options and prospects.
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3 Credit(s)

Provides an overview of government's role in social policy and the history of the development of federal and state policies with respect to welfare, aging, education, and housing. Analyzes current federal institutions and legislation in the same policy areas and the demographic history of the United States. Develops skills in analytic writing and presentation of descriptive data. 
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Faculty: Peter Reuter
3 Credit(s)

Analyzes the origins, history, status, and future of health care as problems in political and economic theory and as puzzles in policy formation. Considers current American reform controversies in the light of several disciplines and in comparison to foreign experiences and structures.
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Faculty: R. H. Sprinkle
3 Credit(s)

Concentrates on the institutional and political means by which disadvantaged segments of the United States population have sought to enhance their social, economic and political prospects. Race, gender and disability are the substantive focal points, with considerable attention given to the challenges of African American socio-political uplift. Explores legislation, litigation, administration, agitation (i.e. protest), and constitutional reform. Covers alternative conceptions of equality and the modes of argument employed in different institutional and political contexts.
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3 Credit(s)

This course examines issues in U.S. environmental policy. It covers the history of the rise of the conservation and environmental movements in the United States, how the major environmental laws came to be enacted, and the specific requirements of each law. Leading scientific, economic, legal and ethical issues relating to the development and implementation of environmental legislation over the past 50 years are analyzed. The course explores a number of case studies in environmental policy, as well as the general policy concerns that have emerged.
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3 Credit(s)

Suitability of analytic tools for examining global environmental problems, human overpopulation, land abuse, ozone depletion, climate change, acid rain, loss of biological diversity, the scarcity of food, fresh water, energy and nonfuel mineral resources, and health hazards of pollutants toxic metals and radiation. Restricted to students in a major in PLCY.
Schedule of Classes

3 Credit(s)

Environmental ethics as a field of inquiry has grown exponentially over the past several decades. It has helped to broaden the discussion of value alongside and beyond economic valuations and scientific assessments of natural environments and our social-ecological context. Environmental policy disputes are often about philosophical differences rather than simply clashes of economic self-interest. Good science and economic analysis are essential components to policy, but they do not necessarily articulate what the problem at hand is, ascertain what we ought to do in policy decision-making, and how to go about that decision-making, but rather how efficiently to do it. Environmental ethics helps clarify problems and concepts, and articulates, examines, and attempts to answer the value questions involved in environmental policy issues. Yet, practical policy, social, and political considerations in turn present real constraints on ethical claims. Our pragmatic form of inquiry in this course will tack between these considerations of ethical norms and practical expediency, breaking down that dualism. The goal is to think through ethical issues in light of concrete policy and vice versa so that ethics might make a difference in practice. This course examines a range of the ethical-philosophical arguments and positions that constitute environmental ethics. The readings include classics of environmental thought and recent work. Issues include the nature of ethical inquiry regarding the natural environment, what counts in moral consideration (non-human animals? ecosystems? or humans alone?), basic differences regarding the concept of value and practical sustainability, and how human interests and environmental justice issues are or should intersect with environmental values. We will link these discussions to matters of public policy while critiquing policy as practiced.
Schedule of Classes

Faculty: Thomas C. Hilde
3 Credit(s)

Analyzes sustainable development and its conflicting interpretations. The dominant view, as expressed in the World Bank's 1992 World Development Report, is studied, along with some critical responses. Further readings on issues of population, consumption and development indicators.
Schedule of Classes

Faculty: Thomas C. Hilde
3 Credit(s)

Reviews the major human physiological systems and their integrated toxicological functions; considers key bodily defenses; and discusses classic, emerging, and ambiguous risks; in all ecological context. Applies to scientific controversy, the methods of policy formation, such as risk analysis, social-cost analysis, "outcomes" analysis, and decision analysis, all in political-economic context.
Schedule of Classes

Faculty: R. H. Sprinkle
3 Credit(s)

Enhances the student's negotiation and leadership skills for managing differences between individuals and groups. Students study the nature of conflict, learn how to handle two and multiparty conflicts, exerting leadership where there are no hierarchy leaders, and explore the impact of facilitators and mediators on the negotiating process. Blends skill building exercises and theory discussions about the behavior of groups and individuals in groups to understand negotiation dynamics. Restricted to students in a major in PLCY.
Schedule of Classes

Faculty: Charles Field
3 Credit(s)

Provides an overview of state of the art topics in development economics, in particular the main factors and variables that affect growth and well-being around the world. Topics include how to measure growth, education, health, gender discrimination, labor and migration, micro credit, agriculture and the role of institutions in development.
Schedule of Classes

Faculty: Susan W. Parker
3 Credit(s)

Examines the empirical, conceptual, and ethical dimensions of international development policies and US foreign aid. What is the present character of development in poor countries/regions? How should development be conceived? What development strategies are best? What is and should be the purpose of U.S. foreign aid and development assistance? Restricted to students in a major in PLCY.
Schedule of Classes

Faculty: Meg Brindle
3 Credit(s)

Evaluates development — cultural, agricultural, industrial, social, economic, and political — as a bringer of disease prevention and treatment and as a bringer of disease itself, from acute infections and poisonings to chronic conditions attributable to the "westernization" of diets. Assesses development’s uncertain resilience in disaster and the developed world’s uneven response to disasters of various sorts — political, economic, environmental, geophysical, meteorological, nutritional, epidemic, epizootic, epiphytotic — with particular attention paid to the performance of national agencies, international organizations, non-governmental organizations, institutions, charities, professions, and activists.
Schedule of Classes

Faculty: R. H. Sprinkle
3 Credit(s)

Examines the roles of science and technology (S&T) in the development of conventional (e.g., missiles, bombs) and unconventional (e.g., nuclear, chemical, and biological) weapons and their associated threats to U.S. and international security. Will introduce new ways of thinking about security-technology policy interaction, drawing on political science, security studies, and S&T studies.
Schedule of Classes

3 Credit(s)

Explores ethical principles nourishing the legal norms and practices of the craft of intelligence. Students will learn about (a) the constitutional, international and legal frameworks of the craft of intelligence. (b) theunderlying ethical principles of those frameworks; and (c) the indispensable guiding role of human dignity and compassion in the craft of intelligence.
Schedule of Classes

3 Credit(s)

This course applies the concepts and tools from microeconomics and statistical analysis to energy policy issues. Covered topics include: 1) application of industrial organization to energy economics: oligopoly and oil industry (e.g. oil countries in middle east), natural monopoly and utilities, implications for social welfare and regulations; 2) application of welfare economics to energy economics: tragedy of the commons and extraction of non-renewable energy resources, externalities and Pigouvian tax; 3) behavioral economics and energy consumption: consumer utility maximization problem, risk profile, choice of energy technologies, choice of pricing, inertia, inattention, hyperbolic discounting, loss aversion, and role of policies in influencing behaviors such as information provision and nudges; 4) comparing different policy instruments in terms of cost-effectiveness and welfare impact: such as technology standards, tax, command and control, subsidies, cap and trade. and nudging; 5) empirical analysis applying econometrics and statistical analysis: impact of policies on utility company performance; impact of policies on energy consumption; impact of technology on energy performance using Pecan street and CSI solar data; technology decision analysis using CBECS and RECS data. Permission required.
Schedule of Classes

3 Credit(s)

Nonprofit organizations, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), philanthropy, civil society and social entrepreneurs are major players in how public policy gets developed and implemented as well as how change occurs in the United States as well as countries around the world. In the United States alone, the nonprofit sector encompasses over a million organizations, annually reports trillions of dollars in revenue and assets, represents approximately ten percent of the workforce, annually generates over four hundred billion dollars through donations and volunteers, and is primarily funded by government. The nonprofit sector is so heavily intertwined with the public sector that government executives will find themselves interacting and partnering with nonprofits on a regular basis. Through discussions of contemporary trends, challenges and issues, this course provides an introduction to the nonprofit sector and the leadership and management skills required to achieve social impact. Permission required.
Schedule of Classes