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Juan Pablo Martínez Guzmán

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Martínez is an assistant research professor at the School of Public Policy of the University of Maryland, College Park. His main area of expertise is public budgeting, public financial management, and public pension systems. His research examines the factors that influence decision-making processes involving the allocation and the use of government resources.

Some examples of Martínez previous work are an analysis of the factors that determine whether performance information is used for decision-making in line ministries; and the impact of contribution volatility in the decision to reform public defined-benefit pension plans.

His current work examines the effectiveness of policies to enroll informal workers in public pension systems in Latin American countries, and how are U.S. state governments dealing with the uncertainty linked to the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act when forecasting tax revenues.

Before joining the faculty, Martínez earned a PhD in policy studies from the University of Maryland, College Park, and master's degrees in economics and public administration from the Maxwell School of Syracuse University. He also has several years of experience at the Inter-American Development Bank working in governance reforms in Latin American and Caribbean countries.

Areas of Interest
  • Public budgeting, public financial management, public pensions
3 Credit(s)

Applied course in public finance, including introductions to resource mobilization (including taxation), macroeconomic policy, key public expenditure policies, and government budgetary processes and politics. The course will build on the foundations from ECON 200 to address the specific application of public finance principles to solving public problems. The course will focus on the principles of welfare economics (including market failure), economic principles as applied to particular spending programs and tax choices, and issues and institutions involved in the allocation and management of resources both at a national and subnational level. The focus of the course is on these issues from both a domestic and global perspective. At the conclusion of the course, students should be able to apply the tools of economics to inform societal and governmental choices, and understand how those choices are made in practice. 
Schedule of Classes

Prerequisite(s): ECON200

3 Credit(s)

Public policy students will take the skills and knowledge gained through their curriculum and apply them through their senior capstone course. Students will work in teams on problems and issues presented by outside clients, with guidance from faculty facilitators and interaction with the clients. Each team will work with the client to address a particular problem and produce a mutually agreed upon outcome. These hands on projects will advance students' understanding of the analytical, leadership, communication and problem solving skills necessary to address today's policy problems while allowing them to gain professional level experience that could contribute to their success in their post UMD endeavors. The course will conclude with an event that allows all teams to present their findings and outcomes to their client while being evaluated by faculty and public policy professionals. Restricted to students who have earned a minimum of 90 credits. Permission required.
Schedule of Classes

Prerequisite(s): PLCY306
3 Credit(s)

Covers how governments raise, spend, borrow, invest, and transfer public funds. It reviews federal, state, and local budget processes and introduces analytical techniques including basic spreadsheet skills, evaluating alternative revenue sources, revenue and expenditure forecasting, cost allocation, break-even analysis, capital budgeting, cost-benefit analysis, choice over time (discounting, net present value, future value, internal rate of return), bond pricing, investment strategy, and cash management.
Schedule of Classes